Public Works

110 S. Main Street

Springville, UT 84663

 

Tel (801) 491-2780

Fax (801) 491-7894

 

Sidewalk Replacement Policy

Introduction

Sidewalk, curb and gutter, ADA ramps, and walking paths are an integral part of Springville City and its Streets Division. Springville City Streets Department takes pride in the maintenance and improvement of the city’s sidewalks. Condition, functionality, and quantity are all factors used to determine perceptions and realities of the city’s overall condition, quality, and priorities.

Safe sidewalk, curb and gutter, and ADA ramps are our goal. These help beautify neighborhoods, contain street systems, and control the flow of drainage water.

The city budget is limited and efforts are made to budget appropriate amounts to maintain, repair and develop concrete concerns. Budget concerns are always an issue. By following the sidewalk management plan, we can be confident that the money budgeted will be used efficiently to improve the safety, functionality, and aesthetics of Springville City’s Sidewalk system.

This policy is intended to help provide information, current processes, and future plans concerning Springville City and its sidewalk management plan.
 

Sidewalk Management Plan

Our sidewalk plan is centered and based upon pedestrian safety. Safety is our plan and main concern when deciding what and when to add, repair, or replace concrete infrastructure. The sidewalk and management plan is to be divided into these 4 categories:

  1. Sidewalk and gutter defects
  2. ADA ramps
  3. Missing sidewalks
  4. Poor performance of sidewalks and curb and gutter

Springville city streets members plan to inspect and assess all sidewalks, curb and gutter, ADA ramps, and other concrete structures within a 5 year period.

Inspection locations are determined through:

  1. Citizen requests ( work orders)
  2. Overlay and road reconstruction
  3. Slurry and Chip seal
  4. General area ( 5 year plan)

Initial information is sent through work orders which provide date, address, sidewalk type, and concern etc. Once the work order is received it is logged into the city data base and sent directly to a Street Department Representative. This representative will then inspect the area of concern.

Priorities will be determined by the following factors:

  1. Low
  2. Moderate
  3. High
  4. Extreme

Once priority has been determined, scheduling will take place as to when and why work needs to be done. Once completed, information will be entered into the data base.

Completion date, address, amount, and personnel, etc will be logged and kept on record.

Priorities are determined as follows:

  1. Low — Visible, but not a concern
  2. Moderate — Minor hazard. Some maintenance
  3. High — Safety hazard. Maintenance or replacement
  4. Extreme — Hazardous. Priority replacement

Greater importance is assigned to areas such as school zones, extreme hazards, business districts, and high walking traffic zones.
 

Rating System and Types of Defects

Cracking/Holes

  • Low ( crack is visible, not unsafe)
  • Moderate ( ¼”- ½” separation, lift, settle, or chipping)
  • High ( ½”-1” separation, lift, settle, or chipping)
  • Extreme (1”+ separation, lift, settle, chipping, or obvious hazard)

Heaving/Settling

  • Low (<1/2”)
  • Moderate( ½”-1”)
  • High (1”-2”)
  • Extreme (2”+)

Spalling

  • Low ( Shallow, random flaking)
  • Moderate (up to 25% of slab is spalling. Exposed aggregate)
  • High (up to 50% of slab is spalling. Exposed aggregate. ½” to ¾” recesses)
  • Extreme (over 50% of slab is spalling. Exposed aggregate. ½” to ¾” recesses)

Drainage

  • Low (puddle < = 1” deep)
  • Moderate ( puddles to asphalt)
  • High ( puddles onto asphalt or approach causing damage, or ice build up or water back up)
  • Extreme (puddles onto road or walk causing damage, flooding, or ice build up)

Determining Priority locations each year:

  • Extreme and high rated defects
  • High traffic areas (city parks, business districts)
  • Areas within ½ mile of schools
  • Areas receiving an overlay, reconstruct, chip or slurry seal.

Maintenance, Replacement, and Installation Process

Maintenance, replacement, and installation of concrete are determined by a number of factors.

Organization and planning help ensure cost effective and efficient use of the city’s resources and funds. Blue stake marking, removal and disposal of existing concrete, grade preparation, form set-up, concrete pour and finishing, form stripping and clean up, and landscape restoration are a few of the steps taken to ensure good concrete. Specialized equipment and skilled workers are needed to complete quality maintenance, replacement, and installation.
 

Challenges

One of the most difficult challenges we are facing is dealing with tree root systems. As trees mature, their root system continues to increase in size. Roots that have grown under sidewalks or curb and gutter may lift the concrete, causing a trip hazard or drainage problem. In many cases, the only way to solve this problem is to remove the tree, or damage the root system.

We realize that trees are a sensitive issue and try to do whatever is possible to save most trees and insure citizen satisfaction. When a tree has been determined to be a nuisance, Street department employees contact the Building & Grounds Director. The Buildings & Grounds director will then determine how best to deal with the Tree. After the nuisance tree has been addressed, the streets department can then do repair, or replace the concrete as needed.

We realize that trees are an integral part of Springville City. They beautify and provide shade. Through the help of the Buildings & Grounds Department and the Streets Department, trip hazards can be removed, and concrete can be replaced.
 

Springville City Ordinance and Code

Ordinance 4-11-103 Street tree maintenance and care

(1) Care and maintenance. The Buildings & grounds director shall initiate and administer a program to provide for the planting, maintenance, care, removal and replacement of street trees, consistent with resources available.

(3) City Tree maintenance. The city shall have the right to plant, prune, maintain, and remove street trees located within the public rights of way. The city may remove, or cause or order to be removed, any tree or part thereof which is in an unsafe condition or which is by reason of its nature is injurious to sewer, electrical power lines, natural gas lines, water lines, or other public improvements, or is affected with any injurious fungus, insect, or other pest. This section does not prohibit the planting of street trees by adjacent property owners, providing that the selection and location of the said tree is in accordance with the street tree program and a permit is issued.

(4) Tree replacement. The city may replace street trees or other plantings which have died or been removed for any reason, or plant additional street trees deemed appropriate consistent with available resources.

Ordinance 4-11-104

(2) City Authority. The city may condemn and remove, or order the removal of any tree, tree stump, shrub, or plant upon any of the public streets or on city owned property within this city where the same is dead, diseased or for any reason whatsoever is deemed undesirable or unsafe by the Building & grounds Director, or designee. The city shall have the authority to condemn and remove, or order to be removed any tree, tree stump, shrub, or plant upon private property when the Buildings & grounds director or designee shall find such action necessary for public safety or to prevent the spread of disease or insects to public trees and places. Where no apparent emergency exists, the Buildings & grounds Director, or esignee, shall give at least 15 days notice of intent to remove any street tree to adjacent property owners of the decision to remove the street tree.

 

Conclusion

Springville city is continually growing. The concrete sidewalks, ADA ramps, and curb and gutter are a valuable asset to Springville City. There are some sections of the city that do not have sidewalks, handicap ramps, or curb and gutter. City employees can only complete projects with the money budgeted. The maintenance of existing concrete and construction of new concrete is determined by the five year plan, and high priority areas.